Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #291) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #291)
Transcript: Cachalia, Helen Joseph and Wilson Conco, they repeatedly stressed that our struggle was non violent, peaceful and disciplined. They traced the efforts we had made to reach peaceful solutions and how, in spite of these efforts, successive governments continued to whittle away even the few rights we still possessed.
They emphasised that the political struggles of a voteless people, though non violent, peaceful and disciplined, must necessarily be extra parliamentary using legitimate means of struggle, legal and illegal, the test always being whether such methods help us advance towards our main goal.
In presenting its case the Crown had highlighted those speeches and writings it considered to be violent and which tended to support the allegation that there existed a conspiracy to overthrow the State by violence. In the nation wide raids of September 1055 the police had seized from members of the Congress movement large quantities of marxist literature which, together with the Freedom Charter were used to show that the ANC and its allies aimed at establishing a communist state. Among the violent speeches that were quoted to the court was that of Robert Resha which he made in his capacity as Transvaal Volunteer in Chief at a meeting of volunteers in Johannesburg and where the police had installed a listening device. According to the Crown evidence Resha had told the volunteers that they were required to show a high standard of discipline and to be non violent but that if they were told to be violent, they should murder, murder and murder. The Crown also called Sergeant Sharpe who handed in the notes of the Sophiatown speech in which I openly advocated the use of violence. But after he had been ruthlessly cross examined by advocate
Extent and Medium: 1 page