Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #288) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #288)
Transcript: speak English, he was most fluent in Urdu and, bearing in mind our strategy of dragging out the proceedings, we suggested that he give his evidence in Urdu, a move which would make it necessary to have an interpreter and lengthen the trial. But Rumpff immediately saw through all this, and abruptly forced Moulvisahib to give his evidence in English. Although we could have challenged this arbitrary ruling we knew that the witness was not in full agreement with us on this particular tactic and we decided to leave the matter there.
Moulvisahib's evidence in chief as well as under cross examination was interesting and damaging to the Crown case. He indicated that he believed in the principles of satyagraha and had faithfully followed them throughout his political carreer. Under cross examination the prosecutor pointed to the numerous speeches and writings before the court made by Congress spokesmen and praising the Mau Mau of Kenya, and asked why he never condemned the atrocities committed by this organisation if his claim was true that he was a non violent man. He countered with remarks to the effect: "Who are we to tell the people of Kenya how to conduct their own struggle? That is a matter for them to decide. What particularly inspires us in their struggle is their courage with which they fought British imperialisme. They chose their own method of struggle. We have chosen ours on the basis of our conditions." Pressed by the prosecutor to indicate whether he admired Jomo Kenyatta, he replied with the words: "Wait, I tell you India". He then pointed out that non violence was to Mahatma Gandhi a principle and way of life and he relied on it in fighting the British, but that his friend Chandra Bose advocated the use of force to destroy British imperialisme. Yet when Bose died Gandhi hailed him as a national hero who had faithfully fought for the freedom of his people.
Extent and Medium: 1 page