Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #257) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #257)
Transcript: with Lombard Mbhata who is presently serving a long term imprisonment on Robben Island, had organised the Evaton bus boycott in 1956 in the face of formidable opposition from the bus owners, the police and gangsters. Ralekeke and his gang's role was to break the boycott. On occasions he and his gang were loaded onto buses to give the impression that the boycott had collapsed. Throughout the boycott they tried to terrorize the people and the organisers into abandoning the boycott by violence and thuggery. The jist of his evidence was that violence was used by the above mentioned accused to keep the people away from the buses. Ralekeke admitted that he had killed a man but denied that he had agreed to give evidence for the Crown in order to escape appropriate punishment for his crime. Cross examination, however, showed that his evidence was as worthless as that of Mgubasi's and the Crown did not have the courage to call either of them for the actual trial.
For the allegation that the accused intended to replace the existing State with a Soviet type of State the Crown relied mainly on the evidence of Professor Andrew Murray, head of the Department of Political Science at the University of Cape Town. In his evidence in chief he outlined what he descriped as the basic principles of Marxism, and then proceeded to calssify many of the documents seized from us by the police as typically communistic in content and language. Again Vernon Berrange was as devastating in his cross examination of the Professor as in the case of the other two star witnesses, and he clearly established that the Professor knew very little about Marxism. He read to the witness a number of statements without indicating their authors and asked him to indicate whether in his opinion the particular statement was communictic or not. The witness described as
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