Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #238) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #238)
Transcript: quoted authority for the view that it required roughly R2 000 to provide employment for one man. This would mean an annual investment to the scheme of R160 million. He gave figures to show that funds provided by the public sector to border industries up to the beginning of 1966 were about R10 million and he doubted if the private sector had provided more than R60 million a year. He concluded that the scale of the effort so far was not even sufficient to stop the flow of African workers into the present industrial areas.
But what makes the whole scheme at one and the same time a tragedy and a comedy even to those who believe separate development offers the opportunity of political expression, is the fragmentary nature of the areas earmarked for this programme. On their own terms, they should make the effort of giving Africans their own areas meaningful by giving them compact areas. As it is, the only compact Bantustan in the country is Qwaqwa. Even the showpiece, Transkei, consists of two geographically separate blocks, Nyamazane, the Swazi Bantustan has two, Lebowa and Vendaland three each, Gazankulu four, the Ciskei and Boputhatswana 19 each and Kwazulu as many as 29. Efforts are being made to consolidate the above areas and the Ciskei has now been trimmed into four blocks. But even if we make due allowance for this development and that these areas will ultimately enjoy a measure of independence, looked at from the point of view of providing a permanent settlement to the crucial problem of race relations in South Africa, the whole scheme is a pipe dream.
From the outset the ANC denounced the Report on much the same grounds as I advanced during
Extent and Medium: 1 page