Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #231) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #231)
Transcript: background and the economic capacity of the African.
The Commission estimated that between 1980 and 1985 the African areas would have a population of 10 million with 8 million dependent for their excistence on activities within the African areas and 2 million on activities within the white sector. If the African areas were not fully developed in the white sector would probably have to accommodate an African population of about 17 million by the year 2000 A.D. The Commission then detailed the steps to be undertaken in order to launch the proposed programme of development including the organisation of the Department of Native Affairs, the South African Native Trust and the setting up of the Development Council and a Development Corporation.
Finally the Commission made the crucial point that the present geographical pattern of the African areas was so fragmentary that it would not be possible to carry out in all respects the proposed programme of development. Consequently it recommended a consolidation of the African areas on the basis of what they termed the historical logical homelands of the principal ethnic groups.
The Report contained several implications of a general nature for the country but for our purpose we highlighted only a few of these. Firstly, the Commission's recommendations meant that some of the industrial and commercial concerns that would otherwise have been located in the white areas would shift to the African areas. Secondly, the recommendations implied the development of a class of African entrepreneurs who would be assisted by white capital and advice. Thirdly, the
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