Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #179) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #179)
Transcript: But to return to the theme of the Charter for the present, some regard this document as forshadowing a radically different South Africa from what the ANC and its allies have fought for throughout their history. On the contrary, the social order the Charter envisages is still much the same, as an examination of the African Claims in South Africa, Congress Series No. 11, 1945 will show. But in spelling out in a single document the details of its essential features, it makes clear to our countrymen exactly what we fight for and thus boosts our work tremendously.
In the June 1956 issue of the monthly journal "Liberation" I examined the misconception that the Charter was a blueprint for a socialist order and my main arguement was that, far from being a move towards socialism, the basic premise of the Charter was private enterprise and that when the Charter was fully implemented capitalism would flourish amongst the Africans for the first time in our history. I pointed to the clause dealing with the nationalisation of the mines, the banks and monopoly industry as an exception, dictated purely by practical considerations and limitted for the moment to these specific sectors of the economy. In addition, the land provisions of the Charter I maintained clinch my arguement. Here the demand is not for nationalisation, as is invariably the case when scientific socialism is introduced, but for the end of restrictions of land ownership on a racial basis and its division amongst those who work it. This is a clear declaration in favour of the principle of private ownership in land.
The whole Charter must be seen as a programme of a broad national movement with different political trends. Considerations of capitalism of socialism were not really the basis on which the
Extent and Medium: 1 page