Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #164) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #164)
Transcript: would ensure that they would not receive an education that showed them green pastures of white society in which they would never be allowed to graze. He explained that the Act would ensure that African Education conform to the broad national policy, that in the primary schools African children would be taught the three Rs through the medium of the mother tongue and the cardinal principles of the Christian religion. Such education would equip the African child to meet the demands which the economic life of South Africa would impose upon him. In a nutshell the aim of Bantu Education was to restrict the African to the position of perpetual subordination to the white man.
When the Act was passed there were less than 900,000 Africans attending school and it was feared that even this meagre figure might shrink after the introduction of the Act. About 400,000 children were in sub standard grades and there was, and still is, no compulsory education for Africans. The rate of drop outs was exceptionally high, and whereas about 24% of white scholars went beyond the primary levels only 4% of the Africans did so.
Stringent conditions, far different from those applicable to their white counterparts, were imposed on African teachers under the new policy. From now on they were banned from all political activity and could not even take part in elections to statutory bodies like Advisory Boards without ministerial approval or that of the School Board. They were not allowed to criticize any government or school authority and were denied legal representation in trials for misconduct by the School Board. Increase in salary was at the discretion of the Minister and depended on the conduct and
Extent and Medium: 1 page