Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #139) - Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory
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Title: Long Walk Original Manuscript (Image #139)
Transcript: prepare a plan to meet the new danger. In pursuance of this resolution the Executive took several steps, amongst which was the creation of the post of Senior Deputy President wo which I was appointed. The Executive further instructed me to draw up a plan which would enable the organisation to operate from underground. The plan came to be called the Mandela Plan, or simply M Plan.
The idea behind the plan was to set up a machinery which would enable the ANC to take decisions at the highest level and which could be swiftly transmitted to every member throughout the country without calling a meeting and without publicity. By means of this plan we hoped to maintain regular contact with our membership, recruit new members, take up local and national issues affecting the people and devise new methods of frustrating the diabolical scheme of the enemy.
The plan was drawn in broad outline so as not to fetter individual initiative and adjustment to local conditions. Its smallest unit was the cell which in urban townships would consist of about 10 houses in a street with a cell steward in charge. If a street had more than one cell, a street steward would be appointed to take charge of all cells in that particular street with the cell steward reporting to the street steward. A number of streets, depending on the size of the township and population formed a zone under a chief steward and to whom the street stewards were responsible. The chief steward was in turn responsible to the secretariat of the local branch of the organisation. The secretariat was a sub committee of the branch executive which reported to the provincial secretary, whilst the latter received instructions from the Secretary General. The plan could also be adjusted to
Extent and Medium: 1 page